Clarity of form and intention have always been strong elements in my sculpture. It is an essential part of my image making and personal philosophy. In the process of design work, I am continually stripping away the nonessential, searching for an overall unity in a basically reductive approach to form. I use intuitive enery, that energy which is nonintellectual that is parallel to it but is not the same. My interest in the language of abstraction and its formal vocabulary, reductive shapes and clarity of structure is a method of exploring and revealing universal thoughts and feelings.

Although my earliest work was representational and realistic, I became an abstractionist under the impact of Constantin Brancusi and Barbara Hepworth. I felt an immediate kinship with these two artists. Small, ovular and curvilinear forms in my early work gave way to more liberating, purely geometric structures that were free to move out of a central core to express movement, direction, space. Flat hard-edged planes and polished surfaces dominated most of this work I work almost exclusively with planar forms and linear straight edges in an attempt to suggest a personal meaning as opposed to the impersonal purity of early minimalism. I work with steel and bronze and am drawn to both their particular energies. Sometimes I use two or more forms together to emphasize subtle connections and relationships. Often some parts of my sculpture are open to the viewer, inviting, and other parts are closed off, private and boundaried.

In recent years I have rediscovered the curved surface as it seeks to reveal a more accurate picture of what scientists have come to understand and accept about the universe. I find interior space, that space which is least revealing, to be as important as the exterior surface. Some pieces have a dark interior space which reads with as much importance as the outer form. The primary goal, however, is to achieve an art that is serene and calm, an image that is according to Hegel, ³born of the spirit and born again.²


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